Sir Alan has a range of experience that qualifies him perhaps uniquely as a specialist practitioner in the law of the European Union. His 40-year career in EU law spans most forms of legal practice – as an advocate, scholar, teacher, author, editor and a senior EU civil servant. His familiarity with the European Court of Justice goes back to the time when he was Legal Secretary to Advocate General J-P Warner (1978 to 1980). He has appeared regularly before the European Courts over a period of more than 20 years, litigating in French as well as in English, initially as agent for the Council in its disputes with other EU institutions and with Member States, and since his return from Brussels to the Chair of European Law at Cambridge, as a barrister. He is able to advise on the interpretation of EU legislation from the perspective of one who has been directly involved in the law-making process of the Union. He is a co-author of a leading textbook, Wyatt and Dashwood’s European Union Law, the sixth edition of which was published in the summer of 2011. He was the founding editor of European Law Review (1975 to 1990) and an editor of Common Market Law Review (1994 to 2008), the two leading journals on EU law in the English language; and he also founded the Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies. He advised on aspects of the negotiations leading to the EU Constitutional Treaty and the Treaty of Lisbon, and led the Foreign and Commonwealth Office team preparing a model Constitutional Treaty, which was presented (in the authors’ names) to the Convention on the Future of Europe.
European Law and Competition
Alan specialises in the Law of the European Union and those areas of UK Law that EU Law influences, more particularly:
- product liability and other aspects of EU regulation, including unfair commercial practices and the Services Directive; he has experience of advising and of litigation on behalf of clients in the tobacco and pharmaceutical industries, among others;
- public procurement, acting both for tenderers and for contracting authorities;
- employment law, including age and sex discrimination and the Working Time Directive;
- competition law, including State aid;
- the interface between EU law and intellectual property law, including in the WTO context;
- the interface between EU law and the law relating to foreign direct investment;
- all aspects of the law of EU external action, including: anti-dumping; trade policy; the protection of the environment; development cooperation; foreign and security policy;
- EU anti-terrorism measures;
- the European Arrest Warrant and other EU measures in the area of freedom, security and justice;
- the Brussels I Regulation and the New Lugano Agreement
- the law of the European Economic Area.
During the past two years, Alan has advised private clients, Government Departments and Regional and Local Authorities on the following matters, among others: the Eurozone crisis; the interface between intellectual property rights and the EU rules on the free movement of goods; public procurement, including in the specialised field of defence procurement; State aid; European aspects of telecoms law; the interaction between EU law and bilateral investment treaties; Directive 2006/114 on misleading advertising; the freezing of the assets of persons suspected of involvement in international terrorism; the interpretation of the Treaty of Lisbon.
Alan was instructed in both the SABRIL litigation and the SEROXAT litigation.
Intellectual property issues:
- Currently, proceedings relating to parallel imports into the UK that infringe a registered trade mark.
- Opinion 1/09 of 8 March 2010 on the compatibility with EU law of the draft Agreement creating a Unified Patent Litigation System.
- Case C-431/05, Merck Genericos  ECR I-7001, on the application of the TRIPS Agreement within the EU.
- Case C-427/06, Bartsch  ECR I-7245, on the compatibility with Directive 2000/78 of an age-gap clause in an occupational pension scheme.
- Case C- 411/05, Palacios de la Villa  ECR I-8531 on the compatibility with the same Directive of compulsory retirement clauses in collective agreements.
- Joined Cases C-397 to 403/01, Pfeiffer, on the 48-hour weekly limit under the Working Time Directive.
Trade and the environment:
- Case C-411/06, Commission v. Parliament and Council  ECR I-7585, on EU legislation governing shipments of waste.
- Case C-178/03, Commission v. Council  ECR I-107, on EU legislation concerning the export and import of dangerous chemicals.
The EU and the WTO:
- Opinion 1/08  ECR I-11129, on the amendment of the GATS Schedules of the EU and its Member States.
- Case C-13/07, Commission v. Council (withdrawn, following the entry onto force of the Lisbon Treaty; see the Opinion of Advocate General Kokott of 26 March 2009), on the accession of Vietnam to the WTO.
- Cases C-402 and 415/05P, Kadi  ECR I-6321, on the relationship between EU Law and international law, in the context of a Resolution of the UN Security Council calling for the assets of named individuals to be frozen.
The European Arrest Warrant:
- Case C-303/05, l Advokaten voor de Wereld  ECR I-3633, on the validity of the EU legislation.
The Brussels I Regulation and the Lugano Agreement:
- Opinion 1/03  ECR I-1145, on competence to conclude the new version of the Lugano Agreement extending to the EFTA countries the principles of the Brussels I Regulation on jurisdiction and the enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Cases.